Advanced Technical SEO Crawlability and Indexing 60 MCQs

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Welcome to my website of King Peedia. I'm Devendra Singh. Are you interested in learning more about how search engines work? Our "Advanced Technical SEO MCQs On Crawlability and Indexing" resource can help.

We are provide 60 simple MCQs to teach you about the technical side of SEO. You'll learn about things like how websites are crawled and indexed by search engines.

These questions cover topics like HTTP status codes (those numbers you sometimes see when a webpage doesn't load), HTML elements (the building blocks of webpages), and sitemaps.

Whether you're studying for an interview or just want to understand SEO better, our easy-to-understand questions are here to help.


technical-crawlability-indexing-seo-60-mcqs




1. What HTTP status code indicates that a webpage has been successfully crawled and indexed?


   a) 200

   b) 404

   c) 301

   d) 500

   Answer: a) 200



2. Which of the following meta tags instructs search engine crawlers not to index a webpage?


   a) <meta name="robots" content="index,follow">

   b) <meta name="robots" content="noindex,follow">

   c) <meta name="robots" content="index,nofollow">

   d) <meta name="robots" content="noindex,nofollow">

   Answer: d) <meta name="robots" content="noindex,nofollow">



3. What is the purpose of a robots.txt file in terms of crawlability?


   a) To instruct search engine crawlers on which pages to crawl and index

   b) To prevent search engine crawlers from accessing certain pages or directories

   c) To enhance website security against malicious bots

   d) To improve the loading speed of webpages

   Answer: b) To prevent search engine crawlers from accessing certain pages or directories



4. Which attribute in HTML provides a hint to search engine crawlers about the importance of a specific link?


   a) rel="nofollow"

   b) rel="canonical"

   c) rel="alternate"

   d) rel="noopener"

   Answer: a) rel="nofollow"



5. What does the term "crawl budget" refer to in SEO?

a) The amount of time search engine bots spend on a website

b) The number of pages a search engine bot can crawl on a website within a given timeframe

c) The budget allocated by the website owner for search engine optimization

d) The cost incurred by search engines for indexing web pages

Answer: b) The number of pages a search engine bot can crawl on a website within a given timeframe


6. What does the term "crawl budget" refer to in SEO?


   a) The amount of time search engine crawlers spend on a website during each crawl session

   b) The number of pages a search engine crawler can crawl and index within a given timeframe

   c) The financial resources allocated for SEO efforts

   d) The percentage of webpages indexed compared to the total number of webpages on a website

   Answer: b) The number of pages a search engine crawler can crawl and index within a given timeframe



7. Which of the following HTTP header tags instructs search engine crawlers to refresh a page after a certain interval?


   a) Refresh

   b) Cache-Control

   c) Expires

   d) Pragma

   Answer: a) Refresh



8. What is the purpose of an XML sitemap in SEO?


   a) To provide a visual representation of a website's structure

   b) To improve user experience by organizing content into categories

   c) To help search engine crawlers discover and index webpages more efficiently

   d) To display a list of top-performing keywords for a website

   Answer: c) To help search engine crawlers discover and index webpages more efficiently



9. Which of the following scenarios might lead to crawlability issues for a website?


   a) Excessive use of JavaScript for rendering content

   b) Slow page loading speed

   c) Broken internal links

   d) All of the above

   Answer: d) All of the above



10. What does the term "canonicalization" refer to in SEO?


    a) The process of selecting the most relevant keywords for a webpage

    b) Resolving duplicate content issues by specifying the preferred version of a webpage

    c) Optimizing HTML tags to improve website ranking

    d) Analyzing user behavior to refine website content

    Answer: b) Resolving duplicate content issues by specifying the preferred version of a webpage



11. Which of the following factors can affect crawlability negatively?


    a) Responsive design

    b) Dynamic URLs

    c) Properly structured headings

    d) Image alt attributes

    Answer: b) Dynamic URLs



12. What is the purpose of the "noindex" meta tag?


    a) To instruct search engines to index a webpage immediately

    b) To specify the preferred version of a webpage

    c) To prevent search engines from indexing a webpage

    d) To prioritize crawling of a webpage

    Answer: c) To prevent search engines from indexing a webpage


13. Which of the following meta tags is used to prevent a web page from being indexed by search engines?


    a) <meta name="index" content="no">

    b) <meta name="robots" content="noindex">

    c) <meta name="crawl" content="no">

    d) <meta name="spider" content="no">

    Answer: b) <meta name="robots" content="noindex">

14. Which of the following is NOT a recommended practice for improving crawlability?


    a) Implementing pagination for long lists of content

    b) Using robots.txt to block important pages

    c) Using descriptive anchor text for internal links

    d) Minimizing duplicate content

    Answer: b) Using robots.txt to block important pages



15. What does the "no follow" attribute do in HTML?

a) Instructs search engines not to follow the links on the page

b) Marks the content as low-quality

c) Indicates that the content is outdated

d) Specifies that the content is only relevant for internal search

Answer: a) Instructs search engines not to follow the links on the page



16. Which HTTP status code indicates that a webpage has been temporarily moved to a different URL?


    a) 301

    b) 404

    c) 503

    d) 302

    Answer: d) 302



17. What is the purpose of the "nofollow" attribute in anchor tags?


    a) To prevent search engines from following the link to its destination

    b) To ensure that the link is followed by search engines

    c) To prioritize the link for indexing by search engines

    d) To indicate the relevance of the linked page

    Answer: a) To prevent search engines from following the link to its destination



18. Which of the following factors does NOT affect crawlability?


    a) Page load speed

    b) Server response time

    c) Keyword density

    d) URL structure

    Answer: c) Keyword density



19. What does the "last-modified" HTTP header indicate to search engine crawlers?


    a) The date and time when the webpage was last crawled

    b) The date and time when the webpage was last modified

    c) The date and time when the webpage was first published

    d) The date and time when the webpage will expire

    Answer: b) The date and time when the webpage was last modified



20. Which of the following is NOT a valid directive in the "robots.txt" file?

    a) Allow

    b) Crawl-Delay

    c) Noarchive

    d) Sitemap

    Answer: d) Sitemap



21. What is the purpose of the "canonical" link element?


    a) To specify the font style for a webpage

    b) To indicate the preferred version of a webpage when duplicate content exists

    c) To prioritize crawling of a webpage

    d) To block search engine bots from indexing the webpage

    Answer: b) To indicate the preferred version of a webpage when duplicate content exists



22. Which of the following HTTP status codes indicates that a webpage has been permanently moved to a different URL?


    a) 301

    b) 302

    c) 404

    d) 500

    Answer: a) 301



23. What does the term "crawl error" refer to in SEO?


    a) Errors encountered while fetching a webpage by search engine crawlers

    b) Errors in the HTML code of a webpage

    c) Errors in the server configuration

    d) Errors in the robots.txt file

    Answer: a) Errors encountered while fetching a webpage by search engine crawlers



24. Which of the following is NOT a valid attribute in the HTML <meta> tag for controlling search engine indexing?


    a) nofollow

    b) noindex

    c) index

    d) follow

    Answer: d) follow



25. What does the "User-agent" directive specify in the "robots.txt" file?


    a) The user agent of the website owner

    b) The user agent of the search engine crawler

    c) The user agent of the website visitors

    d) The user agent of the web browser

    Answer: b) The user agent of the search engine crawler



26. Which of the following HTTP headers can be used to control caching and indexing of webpages?


    a) Content-Type

    b) Cache-Control

    c) Set-Cookie

    d) Content-Length

    Answer: b) Cache-Control



27. What is the purpose of the "X-Robots-Tag" HTTP header?


    a) To specify the preferred version of a webpage

    b) To prevent search engine indexing of specific webpages

    c) To specify the character encoding of the webpage

    d) To control the display of rich snippets in search engine results

    Answer: b) To prevent search engine indexing of specific webpages



28. Which of the following is a common reason for a webpage to return a "404 Not Found" error?


    a) The webpage has been temporarily moved

    b) The webpage has been permanently removed

    c) The server is experiencing high traffic

    d) The webpage contains broken links

    Answer: d) The webpage contains broken links



29. What does the "Disallow" directive in the "robots.txt" file indicate to search engine crawlers?


    a) Crawlers are allowed to access all pages

    b) Crawlers are disallowed from accessing all pages

    c) Crawlers are allowed to access specific pages

    d) Crawlers are disallowed from accessing specific pages

    Answer: d) Crawlers are disallowed from accessing specific pages



30. Which of the following is a valid attribute in the HTML <a> tag for controlling search engine indexing?


    a) noindex

    b) nofollow

    c) index

    d) follow

    Answer: b) nofollow



31. Which of the following elements can be used to provide alternative content for search engines in case the primary content is not accessible?


    a) <meta name="robots" content="noindex">

    b) <noscript> tag

    c) <iframe> tag

    d) <link rel="canonical">

    Answer: b) <noscript> tag



32. What is the purpose of the "rel="canonical"" attribute?


    a) To specify the language of the webpage

    b) To indicate the preferred URL when there are duplicate versions of a webpage

    c) To control how search engines interpret the content of the webpage

    d) To define the relationship between the current webpage and another webpage

    Answer: b) To indicate the preferred URL when there are duplicate versions of a webpage



33. Which of the following statements is true regarding the use of JavaScript for rendering content?


    a) JavaScript-rendered content is always indexed by search engines.

    b) JavaScript-rendered content may not be indexed by search engines.

    c) JavaScript has no impact on crawlability.

    d) JavaScript is primarily used for styling webpages.

    Answer: b) JavaScript-rendered content may not be indexed by search engines.



34. What does the term "crawl rate" refer to in SEO?


    a) The speed at which search engine bots move through a website during crawling.

    b) The frequency at which search engine bots visit a website.

    c) The number of pages indexed per crawl session.

    d) The efficiency of the website's server in handling crawler requests.

    Answer: a) The speed at which search engine bots move through a website during crawling.



35. What is the purpose of the "robots.txt" file?


    a) To prevent search engine bots from crawling certain parts of a website

    b) To improve the loading speed of web pages

    c) To specify the preferred language of the website

    d) To display instructions for users accessing the website

    Answer: a) To prevent search engine bots from crawling certain parts of a website



36. Which of the following is an incorrect statement about canonical tags?


    a) Canonical tags are used to indicate the preferred version of a web page

    b) Canonical tags consolidate link equity for duplicate or similar content

    c) Canonical tags are only used for pages with similar content on the same domain

    d) Canonical tags are placed within the <head> section of a web page

    Answer: c) Canonical tags are only used for pages with similar content on the same domain



37. What does the term "crawl budget" refer to in SEO?


    a) The maximum number of URLs a website can have

    b) The maximum amount of time Googlebot spends crawling a website

    c) The budget allocated by a website for SEO activities

    d) The amount of money spent on paid search campaigns

    Answer: b) The maximum amount of time Googlebot spends crawling a website



38. Which of the following HTTP headers can be used to control whether a webpage is cached by browsers and proxies?


    a) Expires

    b) ETag

    c) Cache-Control

    d) Last-Modified

    Answer: c) Cache-Control



39. What does the term "crawl depth" refer to in SEO?


    a) The number of clicks required to reach a webpage from the homepage

    b) The speed at which search engine bots crawl a website

    c) The number of pages indexed per crawl session

    d) The percentage of webpages indexed compared to the total number of webpages on a website

    Answer: a) The number of clicks required to reach a webpage from the homepage



40. Which of the following scenarios might cause crawl errors for a website?


    a) Having a slow server response time

    b) Implementing pagination for long lists of content

    c) Experiencing a sudden increase in website traffic

    d) Using descriptive anchor text for internal links

    Answer: a) Having a slow server response time



41. What does the "crawl depth" refer to?


    a) The number of pages on a website indexed by search engines

    b) The distance of a page from the homepage in terms of links

    c) The speed at which search engine bots crawl a website

    d) The frequency with which a page is updated
    
    Answer: b) The distance of a page from the homepage in terms of links



42. Which of the following attributes in the HTML <a> tag instructs search engines not to follow the link?


    a) rel="nofollow"

    b) rel="canonical"

    c) rel="alternate"

    d) rel="next"

    Answer: a) rel="nofollow"



43. What does the term "sitemaps" refer to in SEO?


    a) A visual representation of a website's navigation structure

    b) A list of the top-performing keywords for a website

    c) XML files that provide information about URLs on a website to search engines

    d) The menu links displayed on a website's homepage

    Answer: c) XML files that provide information about URLs on a website to search engines



44. Which of the following is NOT a factor that influences crawl budget allocation?


    a) Website's overall traffic volume

    b) Server performance and reliability

    c) Quality and relevance of the content

    d) Number of backlinks pointing to the website

    Answer: d) Number of backlinks pointing to the website



45. What is the purpose of the "X-Robots-Tag" HTTP header?


    a) To control the display of rich snippets in search engine results

    b) To specify the preferred version of a webpage

    c) To prevent search engine indexing of specific webpages

    d) To indicate the character encoding of the webpage

    Answer: c) To prevent search engine indexing of specific webpages



46. Which of the following is a valid reason for implementing a "301 Redirect"?


    a) To temporarily redirect users to a different webpage

    b) To permanently redirect users to a different webpage

    c) To indicate that a webpage has been temporarily removed

    d) To indicate a server error

    Answer: b) To permanently redirect users to a different webpage



47. What does the "X-Robots-Tag" HTTP header allow webmasters to do?


    a) Specify which user-agents can access the website

    b) Control how search engines index and crawl individual pages

    c) Set the expiration date for the website's content

    d) Redirect users to a different page

    Answer: b) Control how search engines index and crawl individual pages



48. Which attribute should be added to links that lead to non-HTML content like PDF files to ensure proper indexing?

    a) rel="follow"

    b) rel="external"

    c) rel="nofollow"

    d) rel="canonical"

    Answer: c) rel="nofollow"


49. What does the "nofollow" attribute indicate in SEO?


    a) The link should not be followed by search engine crawlers

    b) The link should be followed, but not indexed

    c) The link should be indexed, but not followed

    d) The link should be prioritized for indexing

    Answer: a) The link should not be followed by search engine crawlers



50. Which of the following directives in the "robots.txt" file instructs search engine crawlers to delay crawling?


    a) Allow

    b) Disallow

    c) Crawl-Delay

    d) Sitemap

    Answer: c) Crawl-Delay



51. What is the purpose of the "hreflang" attribute in HTML?


    a) To specify the hyperlink reference for an anchor tag

    b) To indicate the preferred URL for search engines

    c) To define language and regional targeting for webpages

    d) To control the display of rich snippets in search engine results

    Answer: c) To define language and regional targeting for webpages



52. Which of the following HTTP headers can be used to indicate to search engines that a webpage has permanently moved to a new location?


    a) Location

    b) Expires

    c) Cache-Control

    d) Retry-After

    Answer: a) Location



53. Which of the following tools can help identify crawl errors on a website?


    a) Google Analytics

    b) Google Search Console

    c) Google AdWords

    d) Google Trends

    Answer: b) Google Search Console



54. Which of the following is NOT a valid HTTP status code?


    a) 200

    b) 401

    c) 303

    d) 500

    Answer: c) 303



55. What does the "robots" meta tag do when it contains the value "noindex, follow"?


    a) Instructs search engines to index the page but not to follow its links

    b) Instructs search engines not to index the page but to follow its links

    c) Instructs search engines not to index the page and not to follow its links

    d) Has no effect on search engine crawling and indexing behavior

    Answer: b) Instructs search engines not to index the page but to follow its links



56. Which of the following is a valid directive in the "robots.txt" file?


    a) Index

    b) Crawl-Delay

    c) Noindex

    d) Follow

    Answer: b) Crawl-Delay



57. What does the "nofollow" attribute in the <a> tag indicate to search engines?


    a) The linked page should not be indexed by search engines

    b) The linked page should be indexed, but the link should not pass authority

    c) The linked page should not be crawled by search engine bots

    d) The linked page should be prioritized for indexing

    Answer: b) The linked page should be indexed, but the link should not pass authority



58. Which of the following HTTP status codes indicates that a webpage has been temporarily moved to a new location?


    a) 301

    b) 302

    c) 404

    d) 503

    Answer: b) 302



59. What does the term "canonicalization" refer to in SEO?


    a) The process of selecting the most relevant keywords for a webpage

    b) Resolving duplicate content issues by specifying the preferred version of a webpage

    c) Optimizing HTML tags to improve website ranking

    d) Analyzing user behavior to refine website content

    Answer: b) Resolving duplicate content issues by specifying the preferred version of a webpage



60. Which of the following elements is NOT typically included in an XML sitemap?


    a) URLs of all pages on the website

    b) Priority of each page relative to other pages on the website

    c) Last modification date of each page

    d) Images used on the website

    Answer: b) Priority of each page relative to other pages on the website

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